Pickling, passivation and removing iron contamination with nitric acid ASTM A – Practice for Cleaning, Descaling and Passivating of Stainless Steel Parts, . I currently need to passivate a partly electropolished L stainless steel The passivation procedure I intend following, in general, ASTM ASTM A [link is to . Delstar Metal Finishing maintains high standards in stainless steel passivation, meeting the ASTM A standards. ASTM A passivation standards include.

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Passivation is psasivation post-fabrication method of maximizing the inherent corrosion resistance of stainless steel. Usually it is best to send the spools to a metal finishing shop which is already experienced in and equipped for the process. In some cases, no more than degreasing or removal of gross contamination is necessary.

Passivation of stainless steels Introduction Stainless steels are designed to naturally self-passivate whenever a clean surface is exposed to an environment that can provide enough oxygen to form the chromium rich oxide surface layer, on which the corrosion resistance of these alloys depends.

ASTM A – Stainless Steel Passivation by Keystone Finishing

Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard. I believe you must pickle the spools with an acid which contains fluoride in some form — often a standard nitric-hydrofluoric pickling acid or paseivation paste, and follow this either with electropolishing or with nitric acid passivation or citric acid passivation to the standards discussed above. Citric acid treatments can also be considered as an alternative to nitric acid as both provide the oxidising conditions necessary for passivation.

I think you may be thinking of ammonium hydrogen difluoride which is often used in place of hydrofluoric acid in pickle solutions.

Passivation of 316L SS per ASTM A380

Specific treatments are however also specified. Our facility is capable of handling a wide variety of projects, whether you need ATM A standards or a different type passivaion finishing. Citric acid passivation as an alternative to nitric acid treatments Citric acid treatments can also be considered as an alternative to nitric acid as both provide the oxidising conditions necessary for passivation.

I currently need to passivate a partly electropolished L stainless steel process system. Unlike ASTM A, the standard does not require passivatiom solutions for particular stainless steel grades or types, although 3 passlvation treatments are identified. Precision inspection shall be performed by solvent-ring test, black light inspection, atomizer test, and ferroxyl test.

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We’ve been in the metal finishing business for over 80 years. Lee Kremer Stellar Solutions, Inc. Passivation treatments are sometimes specified, but it is important to consider whether this is strictly necessary or not.

Regards, Ted Mooney, P. These recommendations are presented as procedures for guidance when it is recognized that for a particular service it is desired to remove surface contaminants that may impair the normal corrosion resistance, or result in the later contamination of the particular stainless steel grade, or cause product contamination. Link to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard. This process is described in a general way in 6. Tests with passiivation criteria to demonstrate that the passivation procedures have been successful are listed in 7.

Unless otherwise specified, it is this definition of passivation that is taken as the meaning of a specified requirement for passivation.

Degreasing and general cleaning shall be accomplished by immersion in, swabbing with, or spraying with alkaline, emulsion, chelate, acid, solvent, or detergent cleaners or a combination of these; by vapor degreasing; by ultrasonics using various cleaners; by steam, with or without a cleaner; or by high-pressure water-jetting. The standard notes that the high carbon martensitic stainless steels, such as C, are not suitable for acid passivation as they can be attacked or be subject to hydrogen embrittlement.

Visual inspection; wipe tests; residual pattern; water-break test; free iron test such as water-wetting or drying; high-humidity test; and copper sulfate test. Specifications for passivation treatments for stainless steels Traditionally the American standards have been used. The treatments are then defined by the process classes.

On the other hand, some of atm practices may be applicable for these purposes. Range C Time passjvation. All information presented is for general reference and does not represent a professional opinion nor the policy of an author’s employer. It is also quite out of date and needs to be updated. The following shall be used as the basis for cleanness acceptability: Visual inspection is suitable for aatm detection of gross contamination, scale, rust, and particulates, but may not pqssivation the presence of thin films of oil or residual chemical films.


Let us know if we can help. This formula should not hurt your electropolished surfaces. This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. I am not sure exactly what you paasivation to do, but the citric formulations can give you increased performance over the old nitric formulations. Could someone confirm or deny this effect?

Although they apply primarily to materials in the composition ranges of the austenitic, ferritic, martensitic, and duplex stainless steels, the practices described may also be useful for cleaning other metals if due consideration is given to corrosion and possible metallurgical effects.

This process makes the part less susceptible to rust and corrosion. Some of the various meanings associated with the term passivation that are in common usage include the following: Having been in the metal finishing industry for nearly a century, Keystone Corporation meets the qualified standards of ASTM A and is well qualified to adtm your passivation needs.

If passivtion piping system is already assembled, there are service companies which specialize in on-site projects of this sort, like Astropak. Pickling, passivation and removing iron contamination with nitric acid Passivation pasivation are sometimes specified, but it is important to consider whether this is strictly necessary or not. This standard covers both nitric and citric acid treatments.

Keystone Corporation is an industry leader in the passivation of stainless steel. This practice covers the standard recommendations and precautions for cleaning, descaling, and passivating passsivation new stainless steel parts, assemblies, equipment, and installed systems. I agree with Lee that what you passivagion proposing should not be a problem with the EP’d surfaces. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

Naturally occurring conditions such air or aerated water will do this and so under many exposure conditions stainless steels will naturally self-passivate. Stainless steels cannot be passivated unless the steel surface is clean and free from contamination and scale from welding operations. Office and Postal Address: